This article provides us with information regarding the 5 branches of pharmaceutical studies in which it is divided and also discusses it.
Pharmaceutical science has been in practice since thousands of years and it is derived from the Greek word ‘pharmacon’ which means poison or medicine. Pharmacy is one of the unique professions and also very vital for the sustenance of human lives as it involves the combination of chemical science with health sciences. It helps to determine the effective and safe use of pharmaceutical drugs used for the treatment of illness. There are broad scopes in pharmacy for the professionals who carry out the compounding as well as the dispensation of various drugs, professional practices in pharmaceuticals which are related to the patient care in hospitals, the evaluation of the efficiency of the usage of the drugs and the study related to the provision of drug information. The rate at which pharmaceutical science is being developed all over the world, the pharmaceutical profession has undergone leaps of development and advancement. The study of pharmaceutical science has been divided into a total of 5 branches or disciplines and each of them has a different field of practice.
The 5 branches of Pharmacy are given as below:
Pharmaceutics is one of the branches in Pharmacy which deals with the process of studying the process of creation of a new compound and its conversion into a drug which can be safely dispensed to a patient in order to treat their illness effectively. The branch of Pharmaceutics not only deals with the creation of new drug compounds but also carries out research to develop old drugs into new forms of dosage.
There are a lot of compounds known to pharmaceutical science which have pharmacological properties which cause a therapeutic effect on patients. But these chemical compounds have to be treated so that they reach the target organ of the patient’s body and cause the effects of healing on the patient’s body when dispensed at a certain dose. The branch of Pharmaceutics continues to help the pharmacists to develop new forms of drug compounds as well as formulate new ways of dosage and dispensation of the drugs in a patients body. Pharmaceutics can be defined as the formulation of a final drug product from pure compounds.
There are various sub-branches of Pharmaceutics which are given as follows:
- Pharmaceutical formulation – in this profession the pharmacist formulates the assembled chemical compounds and combines it with another drug-making agent and formulates a final drug product.
- Pharmaceutical Manufacturing – it is referred to as drug manufacturing where the raw materials are processed according to the Current Good Manufacturing Process (CGMP) into finished products at industrial scale.
- Dispensing pharmacy – these are the pharmacies which we visit in health care, hospitals, and local drug store. This activity involves the several steps required to process a medication request like prescription into a safe and appropriate individualized medical supply for patients.
- Physical pharmacy – it is the study of basic principles of pharmacy applying physics and chemistry in the development of a new drug product.
This branch plays an important role in the latest drug development. It is a discipline with the combination of the chemistry, more significantly organic chemistry, Pharmacology, and other various biological specialties. When these combinations are used they provide the perfect culmination of chemical synthesis, design, and development for the market of the pharmaceutical drug or agents which will be used in the further development of better medicine or drug products. Medicinal Chemistry is a multi-disciplinary form of study which involves the synthesis of a potential drug which is again followed by the testing of the interaction of the drugs with the target organ in order to understand the effects of the drug on the metabolism, healing properties and side effects on the target organ.
The study of pharmacy doesn’t always involve the use of the synthetic drug but it also uses medicinal organic drug as we came to know in the earlier segment. The Pharmacognosy helps in understanding this medicinal and organic part of the drug-making process. It can be said as the study of medicinal drugs which has been derived from plants, animals or other natural sources. The study of Pharmacognosy involves the teaching of chemical, physical, biochemical as well as biological properties of the drugs, properties of the drugs as well as the natural ingredients present in the drugs obtained from natural sources.
The process of the practice of Pharmacy in the community is another important branch of Pharmacy. The Pharmacy Practice is divided into some of the following areas:
- Clinical interventions – it is most commonly used in Pharmacy practice of hospitals. It the process of intervention by a pharmacist on the use of any prescribed drug which is causing problems in any patient.
- Pharmaceutical Care – it is a form of drug therapy which is practiced by pharmacists on their patients to relieve them of some of the symptoms of diseases.
- Communication skills – the communication skills of the pharmacists have to be very good as they always have to interact with patients, doctors as well as nurses. They have to exercise role play which reflects real-life conditions in order to improve communication skills.
- Patient Care – the pharmacist always should be patient-oriented and even attend to the geriatric or pediatric care of patients in order to improve their compliance of dispensing medications.
It is one of the most important branches of pharmacy which is another professional career of its own known as Pharmacologists. It is the study of the interaction of drugs with all living organisms and the study of the chemical compounds which would affect the normal or abnormal biochemical functions. It helps to study the various process of delivery of the drug in the body as well as its adverse or therapeutic effects. The study includes a lot of research work and very less interaction with patients and is also further divided into a lot of specializations.