Gout is caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint area; this is also a form of arthritis. These crystals are in turn produced by high serum uric acid levels. The serum uric acid level is the test done to determine the amount of uric acid present in the blood.
HOW DOES THE INTAKE OF DIURETICS AFFECT GOUT?
WHAT ARE DIURETICS?
Diuretics are a class of drug that help get rid of salts and water from the body via the kidneys.
Taking diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide, torsemide, indapamide, spironolactone etc. causes the excretion of water and sodium from the body via the kidneys. In other word, it increases urine excretion. This reduces the body fluid and in turn makes the remaining fluid available more concentrated and increases the presence of crystals that causes gout. Most diuretics also reduce the kidneys’ excretion of urate (a component of uric acid). This leads to the deposition of uric acid which causes gout.
HOW TO MANAGE GOUT
Reduce heavy consumption of alcohol.
Avoid sugary beverages and foods that can lead to overweight or obesity.
Eat more vegetables, low-fat diets and fruits especially pineapple. Pineapples contains an enzyme called bromelain that reduces inflammations and aids indigestion.
Stay hydrated always. Keeping the body hydrated keeps the body fluid level normal.
Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs as result of inflammation when the uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the joint. Treatment is usually with allopurinol to reduce the amount of uric acid crystals building up in the joints.