Summary – Pharmacists in Academia
Academic pharmacists have the ability to develop and influence the next generation of healthcare professionals. The category often refers to those who belong to a university faculty, specifically a college of pharmacy, though it can include serving as a college dean and teaching in an off-campus or classroom setting. When considering faculty positions, an important consideration that should be taken into account is what percent distribution of responsibilities for each of the following three parts of academic positions:
- Scholarship – research, publications, presentations, and grants.
- Teaching – lecturer, preceptor, facilitator, and lab coordinator.
- Service – university leadership, committee and accreditation work, professional involvement with the profession, community service
A fourth “leg” would be administration when applicable to the role.
Many academic jobs combine teaching with clinical practice. Research and scholarship are important components of academic jobs, however, the amount of time one spends on conducting and disseminating research or ideas may vary by position. Research in academia may focus on patient care or focus on the scholarship of teaching and learning.
Responsibilities of an Academic Pharmacist
Academic pharmacists may also be responsible for the following:
- Fulfilling administrative duties – course directing, leading committees, managing a team of individuals (in academic leadership positions)
- Conducting scientific or academic research
- Teaching student pharmacists in lecture or discussion formats
- Supervising and peer-reviewing research
- Speaking in large or small group settings
- Publishing their research
- Advising students
- Overseeing experiential practice sites
- Participating in the design or conduct of assessments
Those in clinical practice may also work with other healthcare professionals to select and adjust medication regimens for patients. They may also engage in medication therapy management.
Requirements of an Academic Pharmacist
Academic positions often demand a BSPharm or PharmD, a PhD, or a master’s degree in a relevant field, however not every position demands higher education beyond a pharmacy degree.
Academic pharmacists must have strong communication skills to interact with student pharmacists, patients, faculty, other pharmacists, other students, and other healthcare professionals. You’ll also likely need licensure in the state you’re operating in.
Although there are exceptions to every rule, many pharmacy professors build their instruction around personal experiences and examples, so those pharmacists who have experience in the field may have better odds at success in the classroom.
Pros and Cons of Being an Academic Pharmacist
Those in the field point to a number of pros, such as the ability to work in a variety of locations, a significant need for innovation, frequent opportunities for advancement and leadership, and ample benefits like vacation time, health insurance, tuition reimbursement for family members, professional development funds, and retirement. Additionally, those in academia enjoy a high level of autonomy and prestige.
Academia also offers continued professional growth opportunities and flexibility in setting the direction of your career. Additionally, there are many opportunities for mentoring and collaboration.
The job frequently includes high workloads and few part-time employment opportunities, but the explosion in pharmacy schools has created a need for additional pharmacy professors. Many universities offer adjunct positions that may have fewer requirements and a lower time commitment than standard academic positions.
How to stand out as a job candidate in Academic Pharmacy
The most successful academic pharmacists are those who have a passion for teaching and a commitment to a specific research area. They are independent, self-motivated, and collaborative.
They have a strong work ethic, which may lead them to volunteer for additional tasks and responsibilities.
Those who enlist the help of a mentor and who study the promotion process will be the most successful candidates.
Academic pharmacists enjoy both a direct and indirect impact on patient care as well as frequent opportunities to influence future pharmacists.
Reviewed by Alex Barker, PharmD and Jackie Boyle, PharmD (Asst. Dean Northeast Ohio Medical College of Pharmacy) for PharmahubNG